Assessing the role of women in the Supreme and Constitutional Courts in Latin America

Project Team: Andrea Castagnola and Anibal Pérez-Liñán

Timeframe: 05/01/2021 - 09/01/2021

Institutions: University of Notre Dame (USA), Universidad Torcuato Di Tella (Argentina) and Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Rule of Law program for Latin America (Germany)

Duration: 4 months

Research description:

According to CEPAL in 2018, women justices represents only 32% of the total seats of the Supreme Courts of Latin America and the Caribbean. The low representation of women in the high courts of the region is not an exception since in OECD countries female participation in high courts reached 33% in 2016. Under this context, gender equality and women empowerment within the judiciary becomes a complex and difficult task to achieve. Nevertheless, the objective of this research is to examine who are these women and how they have been able to reach the high court of their country. More precisely, our goal is to answer: Who are these women that have managed to reach the highest Court? How gender representation in supreme courts have varied along the years and among the countries? Which factors have favored a long-term and stable incorporation of women in high courts in some countries over the years?

Scope of research: Latin America Supreme and Constitutional Courts between 1990 to 2021.

Deliverable: White Paper for the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Rule of Law program for Latin America and a Webinar on October 14th.